issues, political motives, military actions. The global spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is forcing a different interpretation of the action to close the airspace, as for the first time in the history of air law, measures are taken toprotect public health on a global scale. The author of the article analyzes in detail the provisions of the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation (1944), agreements on air services, European air law and national law and comes to the conclusion that the basic principle of sovereignty, firmly established in the Chicago Convention and other documents on international air law is still the last resort to which states invoke in turbulent and extraordinary circumstances.
We can only hope that humanity will be able to overcome the pandemic and the aviation industry will definitely recover.
Let's highlight some other aspects of our review.
Protection of the rights of air passengers, the responsibility of the air carrier, compensation of losses are the main issues of regulation of the current document in the air transport industry - the Montreal Convention of 1999. According to many experts, both practitioners and theorists, for a short time of its existence (21 years) it has repeatedly proved its effectiveness. The 1999 Montreal Convention is 21 years old: has it reached the age of majority or is past its expiration date? This is the title of an article by the British researcher, lawyer-practitioner Robert Lawson, which was published on the pages of volume 45, 3 issues of the journal Air and Space Law.
May 2020 was marked by the 21st anniversary of the Montreal Convention. In many countries, 21 is the age of majority. Has the Montreal Convention attained such age or, to the contrary, its rules do not go in line with the modern-day reality, and the Convention itself is of no relevance? The author of the article, turning to historical prerequisites of the elaboration and the adoption of the Montreal Convention, briefly expresses the main purpose of the instrument and highlights the provisions of utmost importance which supplemented the Warsaw Convention, or Warsaw system. Lawson examines in detail the legal practice, providing the analysis of all niceties arising when applying the rules of the Montreal Convention and arrives at the conclusion that, in spite of certain shortcomings, the Montreal Convention is a sterling and decent document governing the liability of air carriers and deserves high appraisal; apart from that, he sets forth certain proposals as to improving it during further revision.
Further, of interest to us seems the publication by Magdalena Kucko "Air Transport Agreement between EU and Qatar: Is It Likely to Become Successful?", also featured in the 3rd release of Air and Space Law journal. The author conducts a detailed analysis of the air transportation market between Qatar and EU countries, as well as new opportunities for its development after the adoption of bilateral air transport agreement.
The Agreement is aimed at governing new relations in the realms of air transportation between EU and Qatar, which are based upon the principle of fair competition in conjunction with 'modern' provisions on transparency, environment protection and social dimensions, which previously had no coverage in bilateral air transport agreements. The author provides critical examination of the possibilities of legal effect of such an instrument.